GEORGE BONGA -- was a fur trader of African American and Native American descent who was one of the first African American descent born in what is now Minnesota.
FRANTZ FANON -- wrote"Black Skin,White Masks", an analysis of the psychological effects of being Black.
AIME CESAIRE -- Wrote Discours sur le
colonialisme,a denunciation of European colonial racism, decadence, and hypocrisy that was republished in the French review Présence Africaine
MARIAMA BA -- Wrote "Une Si Longue Lettre",an account on the contributions African women have made in the development and building of their societies.
MARYSE CONDE -- Guadeloupean writer, wrote Heremakhonon and many other novels.
HAITI -- First black-led republic in the world when it gained independence as part of a successful slave revolution in 1804.
SAINT-DOMINGUE -- was a French colony on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola from 1659 to 1804, until the Haitian Revolt and it became the independent nation of Haiti.
GARCELLE BEAUVAIS -- Haitian-American actress who portrayed Francesca 'Fancy' Monroe from The Jamie Foxx Show; former fashion model.
ALEXANDRE DUMAS -- Author of The Count of Monte Cristo, The Three Musketeers; grandson of a French nobleman and a Haitian slave woman.